Installing Ubuntu 12.04 on Lenovo Thinkpad W530

David Booth <>

I never finished writing this up.  Portions marked @@@@ are placeholders, most often for screenshots that I intended to add but got accidentally deleted.

This W530 came with Windows 7 pre-installed, so I am intending to leave Windows 7 installed, and set up Ubuntu in a dual boot configuration.  The laptop is new and I did not bother to go through the Windows 7 initial configuration process.


Initial hardware was Lenovo Thinkpad W530, purchased from B&H with:
Separately purchased, and added later:

Ubuntu 12.04 Installation

1. Download and burn a Ubuntu 12.04LTS CD.

2. Plug in ethernet cable to W530, for network access without wireless. 

3. Insert the Ubuntu CD, then power up and boot into Ubuntu from it.  I had to use the paper clip trick to open the drive when the power was off, in order to insert the CD.

4. Run "Install Ubuntu 12.04 LTS" from the Ubuntu desktop:
Install Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

5. Select your language (English), and on the "Preparing to install Ubuntu" screen, select both "Download updates while installing" and "Install this third-party software".
Choose language  Select options

6. At the first "Installation type" screen, select "Something else" and Continue.  The screenshot below shows three options because I re-ran this in order to get the screen shot, but first time you run it there will only be two options:
Choose something else

7. This should bring you to another "Installation type" screen that lists the existing disk partitions.  Problem: There are three partitions shown and the largest is listed with "unknown" space used: 
Disk partitions

The "unknown" is what bothers me.  This is the partition that I need to resize, in order to make space for Ubuntu, but I cannot resize that partition if the space used is "unknown".  When I select that partition and click "Change", there is no option to change the partition size:
No resize option

In contrast, when I select the /dev/sda3 partition, I see an option to resize it (which I do NOT want to do -- that's the wrong partition to resize).  I am only showing you this screen shot so that you can see what the other one should have looked like:
Partition with option to resize
To reiterate, do NOT resize the /dev/sda3 partition.  Click "Cancel" to dismiss the "Edit partition" dialog.
I am not sure what the existing partitions are, but by opening a terminal window (Ctrl-Alt-T), and using the command "df -m" I can see the partition assignments and the space used (in MB) in the last three entries:
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ df -m
Filesystem     1M-blocks  Used Available Use% Mounted on
/cow                3821    57      3764   2% /
udev                3813     1      3813   1% /dev
tmpfs               1529     1      1528   1% /run
/dev/sr0             696   696         0 100% /cdrom
/dev/loop0           667   667         0 100% /rofs
tmpfs               3821     1      3821   1% /tmp
none                   5     1         5   1% /run/lock
none                3821     1      3821   1% /run/shm
/dev/sda1           1500   366      1135  25% /media/SYSTEM_DRV
/dev/sda2         461438 39672    421767   9% /media/Windows7_OS
/dev/sda3          14000 11628      2373  84% /media/Lenovo_Recovery

After searching a long time, I found a reply to this forum post that says:

"If the installer is not reporting usage value for an ntfs partition, it is better to resize it from Windows. Viewing it from Windows will give you a better idea of how much free space is left on it.

Use Windows’ partition manager (type “partitions” into the search box to find it)."

So I guess that's what I'll try.  :(

8. Shut down Ubuntu by clicking the gear icon in the upper right and selecting "Shut Down...":
Shut Down

If the CD does not eject automatically, then use the paper clip trick again to eject it.

9. Boot up to Windows 7 and run through the Windows 7 configuration process that it goes through the first time you boot it.  This may take several reboots as Windows does whatever it does for updating itself.

10. Run the Windows 7 Disk Management utility.  To do so, click the Windows 7 icon in the lower left of the screen, and type "partitions" in the search box
start menu

Then click "Create and format hard disk partitions" in the menu, to run Disk Management:
Disk management

11. Select the Windows7_OS partition/volume, right-click and select "Shrink":

It will bring up a dialog telling you that it is asking the drive about the available space, and when that finishes it will bring up a dialog that you can use to shrink this partition:
Shrink partition

Problem: It says that this partition can only be shrunk down to about 200GB!  Since most of my work will be under Ubuntu, I would be wasting nearly half of my drive capacity if I only shrunk the partition that much.  I found this article that says "On partitions that store Windows operating systems, there may be certain files on the disk that can prevent you from shrinking a volume."  This appears to be the case.  This other article gives long, complicated instructions for getting around the problem on Vista -- I don't even know if the same procedure would work on Windows 7.  But at this point I decided that it isn't worth the trouble.  I'm going to bail out and wipe out that entire partition and just run Ubuntu using that whole partition.  In theory, I should be able to restore Windows 7 from the Lenovo_Recovery partition someday if I want to, but I have not tested that theory.  To be safe, I think I will try installing the SSD and installing Ubuntu on that, temporarily leaving the Windows 7 partition in place.  That sounds like a safer route.  After I get Ubuntu running from the SSD, I can remove the Windows 7 partition entirely if I want.

Installing SSD

12. Make a Windows7 Recovery DVD.  I followed instructions in the Thinkpad W530 User Manual to do this.  I selected only the option for a Boot disk -- not for a data disk.  I assume that this operation copied files from the Lenovo_Recovery partition, but I really don't know.

13. Remove the existing hard drive, and replace it with the SSD.  Again, I followed instructions in the Thinkpad W530 User Manual to do this.  However, I noticed that the original hard drive had a plastic tab attached, which allows the drive to be pulled out:

The SSD drive did not have one, and I was concerned that it may be difficult to get it back out again, given how it is friction-fit, and it provided nothing to grab.  Therefore, I added my own plastic tab made of packing tape:

The loose end of the packing tape is doubled back on itself, so that no sticky surfaces are exposed.

I decided, for the moment, to leave the old hard drive out entirely, to be certain that I did not accidentally install Ubuntu on it or otherwise create any dependency on it when installing Ubuntu.

Installing Ubuntu 12.04 on the SSD

14. With the SSD installed, repeat steps 2-5 above, to boot from the Ubuntu CD, select language (English), click "Install Ubuntu" and specify that you want to download updates while installing, and to install third-party software.

15. Select "Erase disk and install Ubuntu", and Continue.  Since the original hard drive has been removed, I know this can only install on the new SSD, which is what I want.

16. Click "Install Now":

17. Select timezone and Continue:

18. Select keyboard layout:

19. Specify computer name, login name, password:

20. Take your photo:

21. Wait while it installs:


22. Click "Restart Now", remove the installation CD (as the screen says), and hit the Enter key to let it reboot from the SSD installation.  After it reboots, you should get your Ubuntu login screen:

23. (Optional) Install Gnome Desktop.  I find the default desktop environment (Unity) that comes with 12.04 to be dumbed down to the point of being incredibly frustrating, much like MS Windows.  (E.g., where the hell is a button or menu to open a command window???)  Therefore, I would rather revert to the Gnome Desktop environment that was standard in Ubuntu 10.04.  To get this, I followed these instructions.  FIrst, use Ctrl-Alt-T to open a command window (since there is no button to do so), and issue the command "sudo apt-get install gnome-panel":

Also: apt-get install gnome-desktop-item-edit

24. Logout, then at the new login prompt, click the round button next to your name:

then select "GNOME Classic (no effects)" or "GNOME Classic" before you login:

25. Install updates.  Run the Update Manager: Applications->System Tools->Update Manager.

26. Verify that some key features work:
27. Verify that network printing does not work.  Run Applications->System Tools->System Settings

Click "Printers"

Click Add New Printer

Select "Network", and notice the error message saying "FirewallD is not running.  Network printer detection needs services mdns, ipp, ipp-client and samba-client enabled on firewall."

28. Fix network printing.  Following instructions in this blog post, open a terminal window (Ctrl-Alt-T) and run "sudo system-config-printer":

This pops up a window for adding a printer:

Click "Add",  and "Network Printer".  If your desired printer shows up in the list, you're in luck.  In my case it didn't:

So I need to manually enter some information to locate it.  In my case, the printer I wish to use is on another Linux/Ubuntu computer on the same network.  I don't know that computer's IP address, so I went over to it, opened the list of printers (via System->Administration->Printing, because that computer is running Ubuntu 10.04), right-clicked on the printer and selected "Properties", which allowed me to see that it was using the ipp protocol and also see its IP address.

Back on my new ThinkPad W530, click "Find Network Printer", type in the network printer's IP address where it asks for "Host" (note that it did not work for me when I tried entering the host name -- I had to use the IP address)

then click Find, select the desired printer connection at the bottom, and click Forward:

Enter a desired short name for the printer, and Apply:

Then print a test page.  Problem: the test page printed only the text commands instead of the result of the PDF commands:

To make sure the printer was working correctly, I printed a test page from a different networked computer, and it printed the familiar Ubuntu test page:

29. Install Foomatic printer driver software.  Comparing the printer configurations on the W530 with an older Ubuntu laptop, it looks like the W530 is not using the same printer driver, which it apparently calls "Remote Printer".  (To see this: In a command window, run "sudo system-config-printer", then right-click on the printer, and select Properties.)  Run Applications->Ubuntu Software Center:

Search for "foomatic" in the upper right corner, select @@ [Did not finish getting this fixed] @@

40. Get the external monitor working (second display).  I followed instructions from a blog post by Chris Pearce:
In the terminal enter:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/x-updates
sudo apt-get update
udo apt-get install nvidia-current
Then reboot to change BIOS settings:
At the Lenovo BIOS screen press "Enter" to interrupt normal startup, F1 to enter BIOS setup utility. Change Config > Display > Graphics DeviceDiscrete Graphics. This means the hardware will attempt to use only the Nvidia graphics card, not the Intel integrated graphics. Press F10 to save and boot the computer. 

After that, the second display worked!

Problem discovered later: Brightness controls no longer work, so I cannot save battery while flying by turning down the brightness.  Also, I cannot change the screen resolution.

Manuel sugggests instead installing nvidia-current-updates
sudo dpkg -l | grep nvidia
sudo apt-get remove nvidia-experimental-310
sudo apt-get remove nvidia-settings-experimental-310
sudo apt-get remove nvidia-settings-updates:i386
sudo apt-get install nvidia-current-updates
sudo apt-get install nvidia-settings-updates

Manuel suggests removing everything nouveau-related, because they are the open source nvidia drivers, and not mature enough, and instead use the drivers from NVidia.  This also mentions problems with nouveau.  But when I try to remove the nouveau drivers, I get dependency problems:
# dpkg -l |grep nouveau
ii libdrm-nouveau1a 2.4.39-0ubuntu1 Userspace interface to nouveau-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii libdrm-nouveau2 2.4.39-0ubuntu1 Userspace interface to nouveau-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii libdrm-nouveau2:i386 2.4.39-0ubuntu1 Userspace interface to nouveau-specific kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii xserver-xorg-video-nouveau-lts-quantal 1:1.0.2-0ubuntu3~precise2 X.Org X server -- Nouveau display driver

The correct one to remove seems to be libdrm-nouveau2, since if I try to remove all of them at once, I get dependency problems:
# apt-get remove  -m  libdrm-nouveau2
Previously I had tried to remove all at once, but it failed:
apt-get remove libdrm-nouveau1a libdrm-nouveau2 xserver-xorg-video-nouveau-lts-quantal
The following packages have unmet dependencies:
libaudio2:i386 : Depends: libxt6:i386 but it is not going to be installed
libmaven2-core-java : Depends: libdoxia-java (>= 1.1) but it is not going to be installed
libqtgui4:i386 : Depends: libsm6:i386 but it is not going to be installed
openssh-client : Depends: adduser (>= 3.10) but it is not going to be installed
Depends: passwd
ssh : Depends: openssh-server
E: Error, pkgProblemResolver::Resolve generated breaks, this may be caused by held packages.
Now install the NVidia drivers:
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install --reinstall nvidia-current-updates

Now the settings can be seen at: Applications->System Tools->Administration->NVIDIA X Server Settings, but I did not change any of them.  If that doesn't work, they can also be seen with the "nvidia-settings" command.  However, when I run nvidia-settings, I get this warning telling me to run nvidia-xconfig:
Warning to run nvidia-xconfig

But there is no nvidia-xconfig program installed.  So instead, I tried clicking "Save Current Configuration", without making any changes:
Saving current configuration

After rebooting, when I run Applications->System Tools->Administration->NVIDIA X Server Settings, I no longer get that error dialog.  So I also tried:
sudo nvidia-xconfig

Using X configuration file: "/etc/X11/xorg.conf".

VALIDATION ERROR: Data incomplete in file /etc/X11/xorg.conf.
Device section "Default Device" must have a Driver line.

Backed up file '/etc/X11/xorg.conf' as
Backed up file '/etc/X11/xorg.conf' as '/etc/X11/xorg.conf.backup'
New X configuration file written to '/etc/X11/xorg.conf'
Problem: With the BIOS set to the Display->Discrete Graphics setting, I am unable to change the screen resolution or brightness.

I then changed the BIOS setting back to NVIDIA Optimal, and the brightness control now works and I can change display resolution.  Problem: The external display does not work.  I also tried changing the BIOS Display setting to Integrated Graphics, but the external display still did not work.  Thus far, the only way I have been able to get the external display working is to change the BIOS Display setting to Discrete Graphics.  :(  Therefore, my plan is to use Discrete Graphics normally, and change to NVIDIA Optimal when I wish to save battery life (such as flying).

Problem: In BIOS->Display->Integrated Graphics mode, the display is only 640x480.
My colleague Manuel recommends this:
(05:56:46 PM) david: any ideas what woudl happen if i re-installed nouveau?
(05:57:31 PM) manuel: no. i would recommend this:
(05:58:20 PM) manuel: log out of X, then go to a console, delete the xorg.conf file (should be in /etc/X11/), and run nvidia-settings as root
(05:58:44 PM) manuel: could also be nvidia-xconfig (i don't remember which one of the is the command line tool)
(05:58:58 PM) manuel: it'll generate a clean config file for the nvidia driver

50. Install Oracle Java7.  Follow these instructions to "Install Oracle Java 7 in Ubuntu via PPA":
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer
apt-get install oracle-java7-set-default
apt-get install oracle-jdk7-installer

60. Install other packages:
70. Install encrypted private directory.  This creates an encrypted subdirectory called Private in your home directory.  The encrypted version is stored in ~/.Private .
sudo apt-get install ecryptfs-utils
71. Set up address list encryption/decryption.  See instructions in rgad.perl .

72. Disable overly scrollbars.
echo export LIBOVERLAY_SCROLLBAR=0 >> ~/.xprofile

73. When accidentally logged in using "Gnome Classic" instead of "Gnome Classic (no effects)", ALT-TAB no longer works for changing windows.  I tried to fix it by installing CompizConfig Settings Manager and enabling "Application Switcher", but that caused the system to hang when using ALT-TAB.  However, enabling "Static Application Switcher" seemed to work.  But I intended to be using "Gnome Classic (no effects)" anyway.  I wish I could disable the "Gnome Classic" option to avoid accidentally using it in the future.

74. Video player.  Tried to install ubuntu-restricted-extras, but it says I must first remove Libav codec library (libavcodec53) and Libav utility library (libavutil51).  So I uninstalled those, then installed ubuntu-restricted-extras.  @@ to be continued @@  On my previous Dell Studio 15 laptop under Ubuntu 10.04 I got DVD video playing to work using these instructions:

75. Install vmware.  (See also old virtualbox notes in personal/notes/virtualbox-install.txt .)   Download VMware Player for Linux 64-bit.  Install Windows 7 Ultimate initially,
'/downloads/ms-windows-7/X17-59463 (1).iso', do not use the license key, then install the Windows 7 upgrade, '/downloads/ms-windows-7/Win7UltimateUpgrade32bit.iso', and then use the license key.

I had trouble getting it to boot from the new ISO.  It always wanted to boot from hard drive (HD).  I finally got it to boot from ISO using these instructions:
by adding the following line to /vmware/Windows7/Windows7.vmx :
bios.bootDelay = "5000"
I had to replace the smart quotes with regular quotes around "5000".  That allowed me to get to the BIOS using F2 when it was starting to boot. Then I changed the boot order for the CD -- moved it above the HD -- but then I still had to "hit any key" in time when booting or else it would still boot from HD.  Select "Custom Install" during installation.
@@ to be continued @@

80. Sesame.  Sesame stores its data in /usr/share/tomcat6/.aduna , so to secure the data we need to make sesame store its files in my encrypted ~/Private directory , using a symbolic link:
sudo bash
# cd ~/Private
# mkdir tomcat6
# mkdir tomcat6/aduna
# chown -R tomcat6.tomcat6 tomcat6/
# ls -l
total 4
drwxr-xr-x 3 tomcat6 tomcat6 4096 Mar 12 11:32 tomcat6
# chmod -R o-rwx tomcat6/
# ls -l
total 4
drwxr-x--- 3 tomcat6 tomcat6 4096 Mar 12 11:32 tomcat6
# ln -s /home/dbooth/Private/tomcat6/aduna/ /usr/share/tomcat6/.aduna

Set rx permissions to allow tomcat6 to follow the symlink into my Private directory:
# chmod go+rx ~/Private/
root@dbooth-w530:/var/log/tomcat6# ll -d ~/Private/
drwxr-xr-x 4 dbooth dbooth 4096 Mar 12 12:08 /home/dbooth/Private/

Add user and role in /etc/tomcat6/tomcat-users.xml .  Uncomment the last several lines, and change them to the following (putting in a more secure password though):
  <role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<role rolename="admin"/>
<user username="tomcat" password="tomcat" roles="admin,manager-gui"/>

Limit tomcat to listen only to requests from localhost.  In /etc/tomcat6/server.xml , modify the appropriate <Connector ...> line:
   <!-- dbooth 4/7/14: added address="" to limit tomcat access
         to requests from localhost, per instructions at
    <Connector address="" port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"

Increase tomcat6 memory using -Xmx option.  According to this post, the proper place to specify java heap size for tomcat6 is in /etc/default/tomcat6:
##### dbooth 8/22/13: Increased heap space:
# JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true -Xmx128m -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC"
JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true -Xmx2g -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC"

Restart tomcat6:
# service tomcat6 restart
Download Sesame 2.6.10.   Follow links for latest download from here to here to here.  For an unknown reason, tar gives an error: "tar: A lone zero block at 32914" when unpacking, even though it seems to work.
tar xzvf openrdf-sesame-2.6.10-sdk.tar.gz
Deploy the sesame and openrdf war files.  In the tomcat manager scroll down to "Select WAR file to upload", and from /downloads/sesame-2_6_10/openrdf-sesame-2.6.10/war select and deploy both openrdf-sesame.war  openrdf-workbench.war (one at a time).

The local OpenRDF UI can now be accessed.  Set the server to http://localhost:8080/openrdf-sesame .

82. To get the latest Sesame code (though I currently do not use it in the RDF Pipeline Framework), go to the sesame page on bitbucket, copy the https: URI on the right, , and paste it into a git command to clone the repository into the current directory (so cd first):
mkdir /downloads/sesame
cd /downloads/sesame
git clone
cd sesame/core
ant package
. . .
Total time: 47 minutes 56 seconds

85. Configure RDF Pipeline server.
See rdf-pipeline/trunk/apache2-config/ReadMe.txt

Transfer installed packages

The goal of this section is the transfer a list of packages from one Ubuntu system to another.  See
Move your Ubuntu system to another computer in 3 simple steps

30. On the old system, generate the list of installed packages:


Transfer files from a previous Ubuntu system.

2. Graphics card